term is defined in the glossary.||
Strategies for Resistance
surveillance should be conducted in association with surveillance for
Otherwise, the significance of changes in susceptibility cannot be determined.
- The initial
step in resistance surveillance is to establish a baseline for susceptibility
in the mosquito population. The population need not be fully susceptible
to establish this initial benchmark. Subsequent surveillance is for
the purpose of detecting changes in the resistance level of the population.
- A correlation
between changes in control efficacy and resistance profile should be
observed before resistance is considered to be the reason for the control
failure. Control failure can result from many factors other than resistance.
an increase in resistance level is observed that correlates with a decline
in control efficacy, the mechanism of the resistance should be determined.
Some mechanisms affect efficacy of other insecticides or even other
insecticide classes through cross-resistance. Some resistance mechanisms
allow greater choice of alternative strategies than others.
resistance problem should be mapped spatially. Most resistance problems
are highly focalized and may be of significance to control in only a
restricted area of a program's region of responsibility.
at this point include:
with the current compound until an unacceptable level of control
to an insecticide that is unaffected by the resistance,
more on breeding source reduction
focal spraying to reduce selection for resistance in the larger